What is X-ray Diffraction?
X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) is a rapid analytical technique primarily used for the phase identification of a crystalline material and can provide information on unit cell dimensions. The
analyzed material is finely ground, homogenized, and average bulk composition is determined.
Typical applications for XRD include:
- Characterization of crystalline materials
- Identification of fine-grained minerals such as clays and mixed layer clays that are difficult to determine optically
- Measurement of sample purity
- Identification of corrosion products
- Identification of organic and inorganic crystalline materials
- Analysis of water scale/deposits
- Identification and quality assessment of pharmaceuticals