X-ray Diffraction (XRD)


What is X-ray Diffraction?


X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) is a rapid analytical technique primarily used for the phase identification of a crystalline material and can provide information on unit cell dimensions. The analyzed material is finely ground, homogenized, and average bulk composition is determined. 


Typical applications for XRD include:

  • Characterization of crystalline materials
  • Identification of fine-grained minerals such as clays and mixed layer clays that are difficult to determine optically
  • Measurement of sample purity
  • Identification of corrosion products
  • Identification of organic and inorganic crystalline materials
  • Analysis of water scale/deposits
  • Identification and quality assessment of pharmaceuticals